mise à jour du
1 septembre 2008
vol II
CRC press
The experimental animal in biomedical research
Rollin BE, Kesel ML
Equine Colic
Horses's stretching
Investigating determinants of yawning in the domestic (Equus caballus) and Przewalski (Equus ferus przewalskii) horses
Górecka-Bruzda A, Fureix C, et al.
Indicators of Horse Welfare: State-of-the-Art. Lesimple C.


rollin kesel
Systemic and symmetrical stretching (pandiculation) is yet another notable action pattern in horses, which has relationship to body care. The general manner, in which horses stretch themselves as a stationary form of kinesis, is widely known. The specifics of such equine stretching actions have much consistency, as follows: they are usually performed after rising. Most strteching occurs as a series of actions including: flexion of the throat, arching of the neck, straightening of the back, elevation and movement of the tail, and full extension of the hind limbs. Extension of the fore limbs, singly or together, is a related exercice.
horse stretch
This aspect of equine function in which systematic stretching occurs is a compound phenomenon homologous to the action termed pandiculation in humans. In consequence it is necessary now to regard systematic stretching as a comparative phenomenon with some role in self-maintenance. It also appears to function as an expression of well-being, especially in foals, in which it is very commonly observed. Healthy foals average about 40 to 50 pandiculations per day, in various forms and in recumbent or upright positions. Being the uniquely kinetic domesticated animal, the horse presents itself as a suitable subject in which to note this remarkably neglected feature of behavior, serving as both body care and movement (kinesis).
-Fraser AF Pandiculation: the comparative phenomenon of systematic stretching Appl Anim Behav Sci1989;23:263-268
-Fraser AF The phenomenon of pandiculation in the kinetic behaviour of the sheep fetus. Appl Anim. Behav. Sci., 1989;24:169-182