mise à jour du
15 mai 2003
Psychopharmacology (Berl)
2003; 167; 103-111  
Preferential effects of the cannabinoid CB(1) receptor antagonist, SR 141716, on food intake and body weight gain of obese ( fa/fa) compared to lean Zucker rats.
Vickers SP, LJ Webster, et al


Rationale : The selective CB(1) receptor antagonist, SR 141716, has been demonstrated to reduce food consumption in a range of animal species.
Objective: To assess the effect of chronic administration of SR 141716 on body weight and ingestive behaviour of lean and obese ( fa/fa) Zucker rats.
Methods: Lean and obese Zucker rats were orally dosed with SR 141716 (3, 10, 30 mg/kg PO), sibutramine (5 mg/kg PO) or vehicle for one week. Pair-fed controls provided insight as to whether the effect of SR 141716 on body weight was attributable to drug-induced hypophagia. Subsequently, the effect of chronic oral administration of SR 141716 (1, 3, 10 mg/kg) was assessed for 28 days. At the end of this period, all animals were given vehicle for 14 days. The incidence of wet-dog shakes, yawning, scratching, and grooming behaviours, was assessed after acute administration and at weekly intervals thereafter for 4 weeks.
Results : SR 141716 dose-dependently decreased food intake and body weight gain in both lean and obese animals. The inhibition of food intake and body weight gain was greater in obese Zuckers than in lean Zucker controls. Changes in the body weights of pair-fed controls closely paralleled those of their drug-treated counterparts. Chronic 28-day treatment led to a maintained reduction of body weight gain. Withdrawal of SR 141716 on day 28 resulted in rebound hyperphagia and a significant weight gain. On acute administration, SR 141716 dose-dependently induced motor behaviours that showed tolerance upon repeated administration.
Conclusion: These data indicate that chronic oral treatment with SR 141716 significantly reduces the food intake and body weight gain of obese and lean Zucker rats, an effect that is greater in obese animals and reversible upon drug withdrawal.
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Models to predict cannabinoid-induced disturbances
Edery, H. Arch Toxicol 1983; Suppl 6; 91-103.
The most commonly used animal models to evaluate the psychoactivity of cannabinoids have been reviewed. The need for suitable models is acute considering the present interest to develop drugs based on the cannabinoid moiety but preferably dissociated from psychoactivity. Conceivably, a satisfactory assay should show features of cannabinoid-induced disturbances relevant to man as well as sensitivity, specificity and simplicity. These requisites seemed better fulfilled in the monkey model. Various lines of evidence have demonstrated the close pattern of the behavioural response to psychoactive and inactive cannabinoids in man and monkeys. Rhesus monkeys showed development of tolerance and withdrawal symptoms, which have been frequently reported in humans after prolonged exposure to cannabinoids. The exposure was reported also to cause in monkeys alterations of electrical activity and organic damage in deep brain structures. The monkey model has been particularly useful to determine the relative potency of naturally occurring cannabinoids and metabolites, which was adequately compared to that in man, and to establish the structural requirements for psychoactivity in large series of synthetic new compounds. In addition it appeared that rhesus monkeys react similarly to man with respect to proposed antidotes against cannabinoids. Four newly synthetized amino-cannabinoids were tested in baboons. All these compounds were virtually void of typical cannabinoid psychoactivity but two trans-analogs differed from the cis-analogs in that they provoked bouts of vigorous scratching and yawning. This unusual drug-effect, at difference from scratching alone has not been previously observed after administration of cannabinoids. In this presentation some terms of cannabis terminology have been discussed.